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1901 census has survived complete
Kilworth in County Cork, circa 1899
census was taken on Sunday 31 March 1901 and recorded every man, woman and
child alive on the island of Ireland on that date.
It is the
first full all-Ireland census available to genealogists (records from earlier
censuses were almost completely destroyed).
be pleased to know that the 1901 census records are freely available at the
website of the National Archives of Ireland.
They are fully
indexed and can be searched under myriad criteria, and both transcriptions and
original returns can be viewed without charge.
also available (free) via Ancestry and FindMyPast. In both cases, you need to have an account, but do not need a subscription.
The family of James Joyce in the 1901 census
night, the young man who was to become one of Ireland's most celebrated
writers, James Joyce, was living with his parents and nine siblings at 8 Royal
Terrace in the seaside resort of Clontarf, County Dublin.
the thumbnail image for a larger view.
image is reproduced with the kind permission of the National Archives of
of the 1901 census
recorded age of each person listed in the returns should be treated with a
little caution (it is often under-estimated), it may help you pin down a
baptismal record or civil birth registration simply by narrowing down the range
of years you ought to check.
Similarly, the age of the eldest child may
suggest the latest likely year for the marriage of his/her parents. Again, this
could lead you to a record of a wedding ceremony, either in the parish
registers or in civil registers.
rule out this census just because your ancestors had left Ireland before 1901.
There may well be other family members - grandparents, parents, siblings, cousins - who
remained in Ireland and might be found in the returns.
of different forms were used for recording details, but Form A is the most
interesting for genealogists because it lists the personal details of each
household. It holds a wealth of information to aid your Irish ancestor search.
- Download a blank Form A to
record details from the census returns when you're viewing them online.
See Related Pages box.
- There's more in-depth
information about Form A on the Census Forms page. See Related Pages box.